On Tuesday, November 7, 2017, at the European House in Zagreb, after a year and a half of the implementation of the project “Strengthening the capacities of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Energy for adaptation to climate change and preparation of the Draft Climate Change Adjustment Strategy” EUR 770,000 and funded through the European Union’s Transitional Instrument for Croatia. In cooperation with the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Energy, the project has been carried out by Eptisa Adria doo with the team of leading Croatian experts for the past year and a half, with the aim of drafting the National Climate Change Adjustment Strategy for the period up to 2040 with a view to 2070 and draft Action Plan. Climate modeling was developed by the end of 2070. year on the supercomputer VELEbit purchased by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Energy, also through the European Union’s Transitional Instrument for Croatia in the amount of 521.145 euros. The analyzes encompassed Croatia as a whole, and an assessment of the impact of climate change on vulnerable sectors was developed and priority measures and activities were identified to address the expected climate change.
The Climate Change Adjustment Strategy and the First Five-Year Action Plan should help the society make decisions that will enable the society and the ecosystem to build on the expected climate change.
The final conference of the project opened on behalf of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Energy with introductory speech State Secretary Doc.dr.sc. Mario Šiljeg and emphasized:“Climate change is a global phenomenon, one of the greatest environmental challenges of our century. And Croatia is exposed to the negative effects of climate change. Recent events such as extreme colds and cracking of water pipes in Dalmatia and the ice-holes in Gorski Kotar, and extreme summer heat, high water, landslides and torrents such as recently in Nin and Zadar, point to the threats we are already exposed to. These data show how our infrastructure and the way of organizing society need to be changed and improved. It is a key link between the sector and level of government and investing in research and education to reduce the vulnerability of the ecosystem and the economy, or create the Croatian society’s resistance to climate change that will be increasingly exposed in the future. “
On behalf of the European Commission Representative in Croatia, Mrs. Mirella Rašić, Deputy Head of the Representative Officeaddressed a greeting speech by saying, “The EC wants Europe to be the leader in combating climate change. In this respect, the EU remains committed to the collective global mobilization target of about US $ 100 billion per year by 2020, up to 2025, to finance climate change activities in developing countries, and we plan to continue and significantly increase funding. “
The Climate Change Adjustment Strategy was implemented through two components: the first component focused largely on reviewing the current state of affairs in the sectors and on education and awareness raising of the public and the wider public on climate change, climate change impacts, vulnerability of individual sectors and final adaptation to climate changes. The second component was focused on climate modeling, impact analysis and vulnerability analysis and the drafting of the Climate Change Adjustment Strategy for the period up to 2040 with a view to 2070 and the Action Plan for the first five years.
Climate modeling was done using the RegCM regional climate model with a resolution of 50 and 12.5 km on a supercomputer, called “VELEbit”, physically located at the University Computer Center of the University of Zagreb (SRCE), which also provided the necessary technical support . At the same time, there was established scientific and technical cooperation between the DHMZ and the MZOE, which strengthened the project team with the scientific and professional capacities of our only state institution that has long been involved in climate modeling at European level. Projections have been made for two time periods; by the end of 2040 and by the end of 2070, and taking into account two scenarios of expected greenhouse gas concentrations in the future: RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, as defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Eng. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – IPCC). Scenario RCP4.5 is considered a more moderate scenario, while RCP8.5 is treated as more extreme.
The main, long-term goal of the Adaptation Strategy is to reduce the vulnerability of social and natural systems to the adverse impacts of climate change, ie to strengthen their resistance and the ability to recover from these impacts. Knowledge of climate change impacts is necessary due to the development of sectoral policies and legislation, due to the planning of long-term development and development of public-interest structural projects. The drafting of the Climate Change Adjustment Strategy was preceded by the development of the so-called ” Green Paper, based on technical documents related to climate modeling resulting in climate projections for the Republic of Croatia by 2040 and 2070; analysis of climate change impacts and vulnerability to projected climate change; defining the initial program of measures that will be applicable in the process of adaptation to climate change; multicriteria analysis of measures and assessment of the need for capacity building to implement climate change adaptation. The purpose of the Green Paper was to encourage debate on all the important issues for adapting to climate change and launching a debate at national level. After consultation with key stakeholders, in July 2017, a draft document of the Climate Change Adjustment Strategy (so-called White Paper) was drafted, incorporating the conclusions of public hearings from October 2017. An Action Plan for the first five years (2019-2023) was also prepared. All comments received are carefully considered and, if necessary, embedded in the final draft of the Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan. The strategy covers the following areas:
Project Team leader dr.sc. Vladimir Kalinski , referring to the project implementation and prepared documents, highlighted the following:“The climate change adaptation process itself could be reduced to several concepts: educate, observe, plan and act. There is no single recipe to adapt, but everything we take must take into account that the long-term does not cause any other damage. Sometimes they are so called. soft projects (non-structural, we do not build), and sometimes it will be very large structural projects and very expensive. The total amount of investment needed to implement the Adaptation Strategy and its 80 percent long-term measures at this time can be estimated at just over 3.5 billion euros. Most of this amount will be provided from EU funds, while state budget funds will account for less than 1% of total investment amount and will be used for the purpose of implementing regulatory and administrative measures. This may seem a great deal, but it is to be compared to the average annual damage (in the period from 1980 to 2015) in the Republic of Croatia, only as a result of extreme weather and climate events (around EUR 80 million a year). Assuming that these measures will contribute to positive economic impacts, it can be concluded that the benefits of implementing the Adaptation Strategy, despite high costs, will be significant. Education is one of the most beneficial adjusting items, and returns multiple times. ” it can be concluded that the benefits of implementing the Adaptation Strategy despite the high costs will be significant. Education is one of the most beneficial adjusting items, and returns multiple times. ” it can be concluded that the benefits of implementing the Adaptation Strategy despite the high costs will be significant. Education is one of the most beneficial adjusting items, and returns multiple times.” Source: http://prilagodba-klimi.hr