European Gas Market
It is important to ensure that consumers and other market participants can have confidence in the integrity of electricity and gas markets, that prices set on wholesale energy markets reflect a fair and competitive interplay between supply and demand, and that no profits can be drawn from market abuse.
Wholesale energy markets are increasingly interlinked across the Union. Market abuse in one Member State often affects not only wholesale prices for electricity and natural gas across national borders, but also retail prices to consumers and micro-enterprises. Therefore the concern to ensure the integrity of markets cannot be a matter only for individual Member States. Strong crossborder market monitoring is essential for the completion of a fully functioning, interconnected and integrated internal energy market.
Manipulation on wholesale energy markets involves actions undertaken by persons that artificially cause prices to be at a level not justified by market forces of supply and demand, including actual availability of production, storage or transportation capacity, and demand. Forms of market manipulation include placing and withdrawal of false orders; spreading of false or misleading information or rumours through the media, including the internet, or by any other means; deliberately providing false information to undertakings which provide price assessments or market reports with the effect of misleading market participants acting on the basis of those price assessments or market reports; and deliberately making it appear that the availability of electricity generation capacity or natural gas availability, or the availability of transmission capacity is other than the capacity which is actually technically available where such information affects or is likely to affect the price of wholesale energy products. Manipulation and its effects may occur across borders, between electricity and gas markets and across financial and commodity markets, including the emission allowances markets.
Regulation (EU) No 1227/2011 requires the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (‘the Agency’) established by Regulation (EC) No 713/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 2 ) to monitor wholesale energy markets in the Union. In order to enable the Agency to fulfil its task it should be provided with complete sets of relevant information in a timely manner.
Market participants should report to the Agency on a regular basis details of wholesale energy contracts both in relation to the supply of electricity and natural gas and for the transportation of those commodities. Contracts for balancing services, contracts between different members of the same group of companies and contracts for the sale of the output of small energy production facilities should be reported to the Agency only at its reasoned request on ad-hoc basis.
In general, both parties to the contract should report the required details of the concluded contract. To facilitate reporting, parties should be able to report on each other’s behalf or use the services of third parties for this purpose. Notwithstanding this and to facilitate data collection, the details of transportation contracts acquired through primary capacity allocation of a transmission system operator (TSO) should be reported by the respective TSO only. The reported data should also include filled and unfilled capacity requests.
This Regulation has wider scope than Regulation (EU) No 984/2013 principally in terms of the rules for the offer of incremental capacity and clarifies certain provisions related to the definition and offer of firm and interruptible capacities and to improving the alignment of contractual terms and conditions of respective transmission system operators for the offer of bundled capacity. Provisions in this Regulation relative to the coordination of maintenance and the standardisation of communication should be interpreted in the context of Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/703.
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A crucial step in reaching these objectives is to increase the transparency of transmission tariff structures and procedures towards setting them. Therefore, it is necessary to set out the requirements for publishing the information related to the determination of the revenues of transmission system operators and to the derivation of different transmission and non-transmission tariffs. These requirements should enable network users to understand better the tariffs set for both transmission services and non-transmission services, as well as how such tariffs have changed, are set and may change. Additionally, network users should be able to understand the costs underlying transmission tariffs and to forecast transmission tariffs to a reasonable extent. The transparency requirements set out in this Regulation further harmonise the rule laid down in point 3.1.2(a) of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2009.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF THE IMPACT ASSESSMENT accompanying the COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) …/… of XXX establishing a network code on harmonised transmission tariff structures for gas and the COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No …/.. of XXX establishing a Network Code on Capacity Allocation Mechanisms in Gas Transmission Systems and repealing Commission Regulation (EU) No 984/2013
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Network users are to bear the responsibility of balancing their inputs against their off-takes, with the balancing rules designed to promote a short term wholesale gas market, with trading platforms established to better facilitate gas trade between network users and the transmission system operator. The transmission system operators carry out any residual balancing of the transmission networks that might be necessary. In doing so, the transmission system operators should follow the merit order. The merit order is constructed so that transmission system operators will procure gas taking account of both economical and operational considerations, using products that can be delivered from the widest range of sources, including products sourced from LNG and storage facilities. The transmission system operators should aim to maximise the amount of their gas balancing needs through the purchase and sale of short term standardised products on the short term wholesale gas market.
Our interest and the interest of European Union is to have a fair competition in wholesale energy markets.